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新动态国际英语小编教你:小细节让英语听起来更“礼貌”

人气705

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外国人喜欢用 tentative 的语气。

所谓 tentative 语气,字面上的意思就是「 试探性 」的语气,也就是不要把话说死,给自己留一点余地。


注意 tentative 不等于 uncertain 的语气,注意和 maybe 这种语气区分开来。

比如多用 seem, appear, sound, look 这样的词。

∎  This is wrong. 改成 This seems to be wrong.

∎  We don't have other option. 改成 It seems we don't have other option.

反正在下结论的时候(哪怕明明是很确定的事情),记得加一个 seems , appears,语气没那么生硬。

另外,一个东西,明明很好,硬要说 looks good , sounds good,而不是 It's good.

以下还要注意的几点:不要总是说 maybe 这种垃圾话,如果确定性比较大的情况下,用 probably(实在不行改成 seem 也好)。

∎  Maybe this is right.This is probably right.

∎  Could we have a better way to do it?

∎  Maybe.(有些敷衍)

∎  Probably.

中国人滥用 maybe,不管什么情况都用 maybe,给人一种毫无把握的感觉。在表示有很可能的时候,老外都用 probably。maybe 是比较不确定。《纸牌屋》里 Peter Russo 和他家乡的人说关闭了船厂,但是他有一项新的法案 maybe 可以让他们重新获得工作,结果这个 maybe 惹怒了他家乡人。

如果想表示“我很可能是错的”用 I'm probably wrong.




给别人提供建议时,不要用 should,也不要 you'd better,而是用 It would be better.

∎  This design should be changed.It would be better if we can change the design.

表示一件事希望你做,但是不强求时,用 It would be nice / great 而不是 I need you to xxx, I hope you xxxx, could you?

∎  I hope you can come today.

∎  You need to come today.

∎  Could you come today ?

∎  It would be nice / great if you can come today. (隐含的意思是 still OK if you can't make it.)

∎  Can you bring some wine to the party ?

∎  It would be nice / great if you can bring some wine to the party.

问别人你要东西 / 信息时,用 May I have...? 而不要 Could you give me?
 
∎  What's your name ? May I have your name ?

∎  Could you send me the drawing today ?

∎  May I have the drawing today ?

问别人有没有时间

∎  Could I have a minute / moment of your time ?(非常非常礼貌,销售员问法)

∎  Do you have a minute / moment ?(一般礼貌,同事朋友之间问法)

你比如你想独处一下,比如想打个私人电话,要别人回避一下。

∎  Could you come out ? Could I have a moment ( for myself ) ?



问别人是否可以做一件事时,用 Is it possible that ... 比Could you ... 更礼貌

∎  Could you change the design ? Is it possible for you to change the design ?

∎  Could you call me tomorrow ? Is it possible for you to call tomorrow ?

请别人帮忙做一件事时,在前面加 ( by ) any chance,意思是如果有时间 / 有机会,很委婉。

∎  By any chance, could you help check the data? (有时间可不可以帮忙看看数据?)

指责别人时候,用现在进行时比一般现在时要更委婉。

你很没耐心 / 强词夺理 / 无理取闹

∎  You are impatient / argumentative / unreasonable.

∎  You are being impatient / argumentative / unreasonable.

说前者会得罪很多人,因为你用一个 are 就把别人完全说死了,正常的说法是用 being,这样表示某时某刻这个人处于的状态,不表示你把他彻底说死。

表达要求时多用进行时。

∎  We need to do this as soon as possible.

∎  We need to be doing this as soon as possible.

用 would like 代替 want 吧。

中国人用 want 比较多,但是 want 稍微带要求的意思,用 would like 就委婉一点。

我想要和你开个会。

∎  I want to have a meeting with you.

∎  I'd like to have a meeting with you.

用过去式表示一种委婉语气。

口语中经常用过去式表示一种委婉语气,比如 I wanted, I thought, I was thinking, I was wondering, I was hoping 其实说话留下余地,因为这是表示过去的状态,没有说明现在的状况,从而形成一种委婉。

很多人误以为 thought 就是"以为”用来表示过去的错误想法,其实不是,只是表示过去的状况,不一定是和现在相反。thought 一样可以理解成 “认为”.

慎用 please。

please 有时候稍微带一点要求命令的语气,特别是在给客户或者老板写邮件请求某件事,把 please 替换成疑问句。

∎  Please reply to me by today.Could you reply to me by today?

而以下情况下用 please 就没问题,因为有 let me

∎  Please let me know your feedback.

用 let , allow 更礼貌

∎  Please tell me your feedback.Please let me know your feedback.

∎  I want to make a proposal.Please allow me to make a proposal.

由于客观上导致做不到,not able to 代替 cannot 。

∎  Sorry I can't come to the party today since I'll need to work very late.

∎  Sorry I'm not able to come to the party today since I'll need to work very late.

给 need 加将来时,更加委婉。

∎  You need to buy a new machine if this one doesn't work.

∎  You'll need to buy a new machine if this one doesn't work.



美国人特别喜欢用 I guess 代替 I think 表达委婉的语气。
 
∎  I think we'll leave now.I guess we'll leave now.

∎  I think we can do better.I guess we can do better.

用 I'm good 代替 no 。

中国习惯 yes or no 式的思维。但是有些场合回答 no 未免有点唐突,美国人一般用 I'm good 来婉拒(帮助或者好意),等于说 I'm feeling good. / I'm satisfied and don't need anything.

Would you care for some coffee ?
I'm good. Thank you.

指责别人用 You are better than that.

指出别人错误的时候,一般不说 you are wrong / careless / weak, 一般说 you are better than that,这是非常常见而且礼貌的说法。

某些负面情况下用 have difficulty 代替 can't,委婉把责任推向自己这边

∎  I can't trust you.I have difficulty trusting you.

∎  I don't understand you question.I have difficulty understanding you question.

委婉命令别人做某事,用 it might be a good idea 比 please 要礼貌《萨利机长》里空姐要求乘客把安全带系上,说的是

∎  It might be a good idea to fasten your seat belt.


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